Environmental Science is a composite of natural and social science. It concerns itself with study of flora, fauna, animals and all types of pollution.
Work of these professional is conducting studies, research and developing methods to prevent air, water, soil and everything related to environmental conservation.
Jobs in this field relate to environment awareness, education, mass media involvement as well as technical inputs. Professionals are required in government organization, civic bodies, private and public sector, industries and NGOs.
They are also required in nuclear power stations, waste disposal and consultancy firms, universities and research institutions. Remuneration is in between Rs.15,000 to 30,000/- per month.
Students, who have completed their 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics subjects, can adopt this career stream.
Course & Preparation
Many colleges offer a three-year course in Environment Science while Engineering colleges offer specialization in Environment Engineering. If you have a basic degree in biology, agriculture, microbiology or forestry, you can get a job in this field. Another area of specialization is Environment Management.
Apart from being a good communicator, a student must possess technical skills to be able to make it big in the field of environment. Student must first decide which sector of work appeals to him the most. Various institutes spread all over India conduct many courses in environmental science. Two bachelor courses-BE & BSc. are in modern trend. A diploma course is also conducted by some institutions.
Due to the increase in environmental awareness, opening in this field are immense in India and abroad with various NGO's and industrial sectors.
Environmental Science covers following areas-
Environmental Engineers: It is the largest sector of work. Professionals specialize in the waste management.
Environmental Planners: Professionals are related to environmental preservation issues. Job profile of these personnel is to investigate nature as well as planning and preparing reports of their findings.
Environment Journalism: Journalism on environmental issues is also a growing sector in this career stream.
There are some other many specialization in the field of Environmental Science and Engineering, such as- Environmental Biology, Microbiology, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Geo-science, Environmental Pollution Control Technology, Environmental Management, Environmental Economics as well as Environmental Impact Assessment. Besides all these sectors, teaching is an option too for aspirants after getting specialization.