Nursing regarded as one of the noblest profession. More women than men have taken up this profession and form the largest single group of health workers in the world.
This profession requires a spirit of service with dedication and love for sick, injured, handicapped as well as old persons. Nurses take care of patients and assist doctors in all their functions.
There are various sectors for nursing like hospital nursing, school nursing, industrial nursing, psychiatric nursing, pediatric nursing and operation theatre (OT) nursing.
Hospital nurses work in hospitals and clinics. Here, a nurse has to assist patients in personal care and all other duties which incorporate both skill and understanding of patients needs.
School nurse work in schools. A school nurse has to care school children or students.
Industrial nurses assist with industrial physicians.
Psychiatric, Pediatric and Operation Theater nurses require additional training and experience in these specialized sectors.
Students, after passing 10+2 or equivalent in Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects can apply for a course in nursing.
There are basically two courses offered for nursing. First is B.Sc. degree of four years duration and second is General Nursing Programme (GNM), a diploma course of 3 years duration.
An Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery programme of 18 months duration is conducted too.
The Nursing schools run by the state government in various hospital campuses also offer a diploma course of 3 years duration in nursing. This course consists generic nursing and midwifery.
An entrance examination is conducted for the B.Sc./Diploma course which tests the aspirant in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English and General knowledge.
It is a great demand for trained nurses, especially in the rural and sub-urban areas. Qualifies nurses can find employment in private hospitals and sanatorium too. Military, Public health services, treatment rooms and clinics, orphanage as well as old age homes need nurses. With a post graduation degree, one can teach in training institutes also.
In private sector, the remuneration is lower than that offered in government premises. The starting salary is in the range of Rs.5,500/- to 8,000/- per month. Some other benefits like house rent, government quarters, free medical treatment, uniform and washing allowance are also given to the nurses.
As per an estimate, about forty thousand nurses go to United States of America, England and the countries of Middle East for recruitment. The salary is in the range of 2.5 lakhs and more per month there.
Actually, nursing life is known as a hard life, specially for a 17 years teen aspirant, which is when most students join nursing. So be prepared to be strong and sensitive.